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Sikhism

Guru Hargobind Ji

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Guru Hargobind (1595-1644)

Guru Hargobind

  • Transformed the Sikhs by introducing martial arts and weapons for the defense of the masses.
  • Guru Hargobind put on two swords - one signifying miri (secular power) and other piri (spiritual power).
  • Built the Akal Takht in 1608 at Amritsar in Punjab.
  • He was imprisoned in the fort of Gwaliar for one year. When he was released he insisted that his 52 fellow prisoners, who were Rajput kings, should also be set free. To mark this occasion the Sikhs celebrate Diwali (bandi chod divas).
  • Fought four battles with the Mughal rulers which were forcing people to become Muslims.

Guru Har Krishan Ji

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Sri Guru Harikrishan Ji was born on July 7th 1656 AD in Kiratpur in Dist. Ropar in Punjab. He was only 5 years old when his father nominated him as his successor on October 7th 1661. Guru Harikrishan visited Deldi on the invitation of Raja Jai Singh of AGuru Angad Dev Jimber (Jaipur) as desired by Emporer Aurangzeb and stayed in his bungalow.

He imparted spiritual instructions to the mulitudes of people. In those days the entire city was in the grip of a smallpox epidemic, thousands of people died of infection. To provide relief to the suffering people Guru Harikrishan got a small pool constructed just outside his room and poured water in it, picked up a little water and again poured it in. He then put his foot in the pool of water and thus people would recite 'Satnam Waheguru' (sacred mantra) and take some of the water and be cured. 

Yet the Guru would not cure himself when he contracted smallpox due to the constant exposure. Before departing from his body he told his followers that the next Guru would be in Baba Bakala, a reference to a small village (Bakala) and to the next Guru (his Baba), Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji who lived there. 

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FACTS

  • Became Guru at the age of five.
  • Guru Harkrishan cured the sick during a smallpox epidemic in Delhi.
  • Gurdwara Bangla Sahib in New Delhi was constructed in the Guru's memory. This is where the Guru stayed during his visit to Delhi.
  • Guru Harkrishan died of smallpox at the age of eight.
  • Before Guru Harkrishan died, he nominated his granduncle, Guru Tegh Bahadur, as the next Guru of the Sikhs.



Last Updated on Sunday, 09 May 2010 19:39

Guru Har Rai Ji

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Sri Guru Harirai Ji was born on February 26h 1630 AD at Kiratpur, Dist. Ropar in Punjab. As the seventh Sikh Guru he travelled through Doaba and Malava regions of Punjab to consolidate the gains of the Sikh Movement. He maintained a Cavalry of 2200 horses yet devoted himself to the art of peaceful living. He helped Dara Shikoh, the eldest son of Emperor Shahjahan when he was in distress. Emperoror Aurangzeb summoned the Guru on this account. Guru Harirai instead sent his son Ram Rai to Delhi.

In order to win over the bigoted Emporer Aurangzeb, Ram Rai substituted a word in the Sat Guru Granth Sahib listed as baiman for Musalman. When Guru Harirai heard this news he excommunicated Ram Rai as he could not maintain the sanctity and integrity of the Sat Guru Granth Sahib (Sikh scriptures). Guru Harirai later nominated his younger son Harikrishan as his successor.

 Guru Angad Dev Ji
Last Updated on Sunday, 30 October 2011 21:20

Guru Nanak Dev Ji

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Last Updated on Sunday, 30 October 2011 23:40

Guru Arjan Dev Ji

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Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji was born on April 15th 1563 AD at Goindval in Dist. Amritsar, Punjab. As the fifth Sikh Guru he compiled the Sri Guru Granth Sahib in 1604 AD, a book of sacred scriptures & hymns now revered as the spirit of the living Guru by Sikhs worldwide.He also enjoined his followers to contribute one tenth of their righteous earnings, called Dasavandh for community purposes.

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji composed his Sukhmani Sahib from 1601 to 1604 in whch he describes the essence of true life, the union of one's soul with the Supreme Being and the importance of the Guru and saintly people in one's life. Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji led an exemplary life of service to humanity, above he is depicted personally attending to lepers even abandoned by their own families.

Born on At Goindwal, on 15th June 1563
Father Guru Ram Das Ji
Mother Mata Bhani (daughter of Guru Amar Das)
Married to Mata Ganga Devi
Son Became Guru Hargobind Ji
Shahidi Date 30th May 1966
Last Updated on Sunday, 09 May 2010 19:38

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